So, these two factors have to be considered when determining the presence of nationalism in a person or a nation.
Consider these two factors for better understanding. National identity is a representation of a country as a whole, which includes its culture, traditions, language and politics. On the other hand, self-determination is a process by which a group of people, who have a certain degree of national consciousness, make up their own state and choose their own government. As a political principle, the idea of self-determination first developed into a by-product of the teaching of nationalism. Thailand has built the principle of nationalism as in other Asian countries. But what can be the reason for the strong nationalism of people? Simply because of the fact that Europeans were not busy in the past, as opposed to neighboring countries? Or perhaps from a different point of view, is this because of the rich cultural heritage and the effective rulers? The impact of colonization on nationalism
Many Asian colonization in the countries have led to a mixture of culture in the past. Often, the colonizing culture dominates what a subjugated nation uses. Overlapping of cultures has led to total loss or simply subculture. Take, for example, the Republic of the Philippines, which is in Asia with its neighbors in Thailand.
The Philippines has been installed by various superpowers at different times, namely Europeans and Americans. Initially, it was taken by Spain, who introduced Christianity in different regions. Then came the Americans who, through the introduction of the American-based education system, have come up with a number of ways. Both strategies served to familiarize themselves with their culture and traditions in the Philippines. To date, about four-fifths of the Philippines are practicing Roman Catholicism. On the other hand, the traces of the American-based education system are still very obvious today. The English language of school education has also catapulted this country as the third largest English language in the world. Starting from the experiences of the Philippines, colonization can really influence the factors that make up the nationalism. His culture is now strong Roman Catholicism, while English in schools seems to be more favorable due to the status of one of the international languages. For Thailand, Europeans have never colonized Even in the colonial age. Thus, somehow the undisturbed rule of their people and the preservation of their lifestyle contributed to strong nationalism, which is opposed to the neighboring countries that have undergone colonization, such as the Philippines, in culture. Foreign practices and the lack of foreign languages also contribute to their own preservation.
The way nationalism spread in Thailand is very different from their Asian counterparts. Take, for example, the Philippines, where nationalism was the result of the injustice and unequal treatment of the ruling Spanish by the Filipino people. People such as Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Juan Luna and other national heroes rose to the occasion. They were able to help people through the pride of pride and nationalism's pride through literature and other publications that reveal the collapse of the colonists.
Based on this example of the Philippines, the loss or profit of nationalism can be the result of colonization. Loss of its factors can be caused by the full acceptance of the colonized area of the roads of foreign residents. On the other hand, suppression or inequalities may be fusible fuses that can ignite the flame. Lacquer pointed out that nationalism in the colonized Asian countries, such as the Philippines, India, China, Japan and other countries, had hit foreign powers and the need for independence. Self-determination, as discussed in the earlier section of the note, is the necessity of being independent so that people can decide on their own government. Thus, it supports the idea that nationalism can also happen because of colonization. In Thailand, its nationalism was a by-product of the need for abstinence or to safeguard the interests of its public during the colonial era. The only fight is within the system where the change of regime occurred from the 12th century to the overthrow of the order of the monarchy and the possible preservation of the monarchy. Thailand can not be directly colonized, but its European contemporaries continued to govern the country's foreign affairs during the colonial era. Thus it indirectly enters into the powerful nations that govern trade and other external privileges. Despite the fact that it has threatened and subjected them to the management of foreign affairs, it is not affected by nationalism because of the strong hold of their rulers and their effective policies.
The impact of Thailand's rich cultural heritage on nationalism
This country has been inhabited since ancient times, probably around the Paleolithic era, about 20,000 years ago. The oldest materials discovered by archeologists in the Khorat plateau of the country date back to 3000 BC to 4000 BC. Then the first documentation of Tai, the existence of the Thai people dates back to the 12th century. Writing is written in the Khmer Temple Complex of the famous ancient site of Angkor Watt. They were named Syam or "dark brown people" and later called the modern term "Siam".
History plays an important role in forming nationalism to the citizens of a country. Thailand's colorful past, since it has existed from time to time as a society, its citizens are very proud to be where they are now. This is further strengthened by the presence of available historical data and structures that reflect the size of their land in the past. Even VI. King Rama saw that this plays an important role in his reign, in order to create the national identity that we will formulate in the next part of this document. The feeling of nationalism for the people
When we talk of Thai nationalism, we can not reject King Vajiravudh or VI. By Rama King. This is because he was able to integrate nationalism not only in the actions or speeches of the common Thai, but also in the intellectual sense of building their nationalism. When VI. King Me took his position, understood that national unity can not be achieved by merging only the nation's ruling parties, as his father thought. In her view, this can only be achieved if people enjoy the common physical and spiritual interests and aspirations. Thus, he created a way to unite the common people in order to spiritually unite people. For him, the cohesion spirit was the only way for the public to implement modernization and protect the interests of the country. VI. To me, King began to plan the spirit of national nationalism with the knowledge of the rich heritage in his country. According to him, if people are allowed to appreciate the rich heritage of their nation, it is the pride and indigenous feeling.
However, the road to the idea of Rama VI was long. His own army was in contradiction as it was ineffective (Schrichandra and Poonvivatana). Concerned about the event VI. Rama was part of nationalism in his politics to preserve his rulers, especially his corps. This forced people to accept. Then later, he successfully published a series of literary works aimed at the masses to enhance their knowledge of the Thai heritage, a source of pride and nationalism.
Thailand, as Europeans did not colonize, could contribute to a strong contribution to pride and nationalism. This is because they never disturbed the way in which their culture and traditions were practiced, which effectively preserved their national identity.
Other Asian countries recognize the need for their national identity and self-determination only when they are colonizers. In Thailand, however, due to the needs of the masses, internal struggles have triggered socialism with nationalism.
Thailand's thousand-year-old historical pride and its existing ancient structures have also contributed to the feeling of strong nationalism as it has an impact on creating national identities of people. Without the extensive knowledge of identity, nationalism can not be integrated as Rama VI believed.
Finally, Thailand's strong love through the efforts of the rulers through effective policies, modernization, literature, and sometimes military power. The most prominent ruler who exercised all his power to stir up nationalism to humans was King Vajiravud or VI. King. Although his ways may not have met a hundred percent acceptance of everyone, he certainly made significant results. So, when it comes to the country's strong nationalism, it's hard to think about it. His words still remind us of popular slogan and nationalism literature.
Source by Giancarlo C. Perlas