Silk – the queen of fabrics is historically one of India's most important industries. India produces several silks, called Mulberry, Tasar, Muga and Eri, based on cocoons' feeding habits. Silk industry today employs more than 700,000 agricultural families, mostly Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh, and to some extent Assam and West Bengal.
Karnataka accounts for more than 70 percent of total silk production in the country.
Vine growing is an industry that is beneficial to farmers. As of today, 56 people depend on the silk industry, 5.6 million people, out of which 4.7 million farmers. The others are rosettes, weaving machines, etc.
India is the second largest silk producer, contributing around 18 percent to world production. What is even more remarkable is the fact that India's requirement for raw silk is much higher than its current production. Thus, there is considerable potential for enhancing raw silk production in the country to overcome the persistent conflict of interest between silk exporters and raw silk producers
While silk producers want to limit the import of raw silk In order to get their products better, importers want to import cheaper raw silk, To export more silk products at a more competitive price. In India, all four types of silk, mulberry, tassar, different and muga. However, it is negligible to note that we have not yet fully exploited this benefit and our presence in the international scene is much more pronounced than it is today. To do this we need to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the different segments of the industry.
The strength of this industry is based on a broad foundation, maintaining demand on the market especially in the Indian hand weaving sector, National Silk Project and Infrastructure Created by Research and Training Opportunities
Its main weakness is with a bad database with a variety of practices that result in differences in productivity and quality. In general, the quality of production is poor, the poor transfer of decentralized technology is due to poor technological absorption and weak / inadequate monitoring of laboratory results; Poor market relationships limit Karnataka, the flourishing, unfair trade in the uterine sector, the use of low-tech technology, and the reluctance of costly technologies, as it is feared that price realizations may not improve properly. Other shortcomings improperly emphasize the quality of the commercial seed sector, the neglect of marketing relationships and the fundamental perspective of the development of the sector, which clearly defines the relative role of central and state agencies in the federal system.
Of the non-fade silk, tassar is most often the strains produced by silkworms on forest plants. India China's largest producer of tassar silk and the only gold mug silk maker. It is also a significant silk producer in India. Unlike silkworm silk production, non-silk silk manufacturing is unstable, fluctuating every year. The central silk compartment has not paid enough attention to humane research and development activities as well as to non-defective silk products cultivation despite providing direct assistance to the poor. Currently, muga and various silks are mostly self-made. But because of their uniqueness in India, there is great potential for value-added exports.
The government needs to provide these silk types and promote the emphasized R & D, targeted expansion and innovative product development.
That the following are among the weaknesses of tassar production and must be correct
. Conquest takes place outside the trees; Natural food plants are scattered across large areas. Thus, support for a comprehensive extension would involve a large number of extension agents to provide farmers with resources beyond their resources.
. Wigs are usually rolellers and traders do not use them.
. The oak tassar culture has not yet been properly adopted as people are new to this culture and economics has not yet come to fruition.
. There is also a lack of disease observation and control measures.
Eri silk, which is largely produced in the eastern part of the country, has specific thermal properties. It can be mixed with wool, other silk, cotton yarn, jute or synthetic fibers. Various silk weaknesses include: –
. Lack of regular dosing of the correct amount of foil
. Lack of scientific method for controlling diseases
. Poor farming while educating
. Unavailability of a foster home and
. None of the well-organized marketing system
This golden yellow silk is unique in adjacent areas of Assam, Nagaland and Meghalaya. It also spread to Bengal and Andhra Pradesh. While basic seed production is more or less organized, commercial seed production should be systematically organized. More research is needed for this activity
India imported about 9,258 tons silk last year more than six million Rupee from China, the world's largest silk producer. Nearly 49,000 hectares of mulberry trees were harvested in the Carpathians, as the cocoon prices have collapsed. 3 000 tonnes of total silk production in the country according to statistics issued by the Central Silk Commission
Dumping of silk yarns from China affected silk production as the number of beef decreased on the market because demand fell due to imports of Chinese silk. So the farmers who were expecting better income for their cocoon dropped off because the market was fluctuating. When imported silk came in, traders lost their interest in buying cocoons and farmers did not get the right price. As a result, 49,000 hectares of vineyards were buried in Karnataka. On the other hand, farmers engaged in other activities, engaged in other agricultural production than continued with silkworm.
According to farmers, their crop suffered the third consecutive drought last year. Farmers claim that the government should impose an anti-dumping duty on Chinese silk.
India is only second in China in silk production. While China produced 69,000 tons of raw silk last year, India missed 16,000 tons.
Officials claim that India needs 120,000 tons of silk to meet world market demand and better infrastructure facilities; The silk industry can increase its productivity by 15 percent compared to the current nine percent.
Most Indian silk yarn and silk sweets are consumed domestically. The country's current silk market context is a strong domestic demand for silk fabrics with an annual growth rate of over 10 percent.
With significant government and international support for silk projects and marketing systems, the industry is expanding rapidly in recent years. Silk exports also grow rapidly. Germany is the largest consumer of Indian silk.
Today, China and India are just silkworms. Thailand, Uzbekistan also produces silk, but the quantity is very small. So we have to keep this raw silk and tissues in order to continue the market. Only two countries can do this. India is the biggest buyer of silk fabric for sarees and many other things. So we need to improve our silk culture.
The Indian silk industry is now a major player in the global scenario and the industry's growth prospects are pointing upward. Encouraging the various technological and economic researches of silk and silk products as well as the standardization and quality control of silk and silk products as well as the stabilization and rationalization of the prices of silk and silk silk can ever be further expanded by technological and economic research.
Source by Gaurav Doshi