Individual migration suggests the likelihood or probability of migrating. Some outstanding factors influence this decision. One of the main factors is the distance. According to Ravenstein's far-off law, the distance of the target country from the country of origin increases, the less likely it is to relocate because of the strange environment, culture, lifestyle and assimilation problems and the knowledge of psychological costs. Research has shown that more than half of immigrants come from America, adjacent to Mexico, which is only 3,000 km long, while Mexican migrant minorities go further. This shows how the distance-decomposition theory affects the migration destination and whether they migrate. The closer the destination is, the lower the emotional cost and, hence, the more likely migration.
Another strong factor is the extent of differences in culture and lifestyles in the target country compared to their home country. Few people are willing to move to countries such as Japan, where acculturation and probability of integration are unlikely, since the Japanese have their own unique way of thinking that is alien to a large part of the world or even strange. In cases where there is such a great deal of contact with the local population, it is less likely that someone chooses to take over and face such a challenge in such a foreign area. A famous case is the world-renowned journalist and writer Pico Iyer, but few similar people exist.
Another major factor influencing migration decision is attractiveness of attractive factors in the host country with domestic push factors. In India, Mumbai, Chennai, New Delhi and many other cities the richest and most educated young people leave the country more. Distressing factors of pollution are severe where our pollution exceeds the official guidelines. Meanwhile, a highly paid job as an engineer or a suburban or city where you live in the United States, Great Britain, London or New York is likely to be tempting. If there is such a large difference in living standards in the host country, it is not uncommon for people to move to choice for career prospects and long-term prosperity. If the contrasts are not so sharp, they may not be as encouraged by such drastic changes in their lives.
Source by Lynn NG