The ancient beliefs of ancient Egyptians were the decisive influence on the development of culture. The Egyptian faith was based on the collection of ancient myths, the worship of nature and countless divinity. They spent Sumerian lives in the service of the gods in the form of man-made sculptures. There was no organized set of gods; every city state had its own defenders, churches and priest kings. The Sumerians are probably the first to describe their beliefs that inspired much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. The Sumerians thought the universe consisted of a flat disc, surrounded by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamians had no effect on the size of the pyramids, they used religious ziggurat for religious purposes. Both civilizations focused on religion. Egypt believed many gods. The gods who were believed by Mesopotamia were absolute rulers whose people were full of devotion. In both civilizations, religious leaders received a very high status and were kept in great respect. Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheists, meaning they believed that their worlds were dominated by more deities. Both civilizations thought the gods had created them. Both cultures believed that they themselves were created to serve their gods. The names of both worshipers of the many gods and cultures that respected the gods, and in both religions the priests were no special dresses and offered daily gifts in the churches and opened festivals every year for the public.
A Mesopotamian religion saw people as servants of the gods who had to defend them. The Egyptians believed that the gods were created by every human being, but based on the country or the principle of order. Contrary to the followers of the Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians strongly believed in the latter life, which was expressed by the construction of such intricate graves as the pyramids. Sumerian afterlife entered a dark underworld to destroy eternity as Gidim (as a ghost). The Egyptians believed that their god made Egypt a sort of good and orderly refuge in the world of chaos and disorder. Much of the Mesopotamia god was a great heaven, Enlil god; later Enlil's worship was replaced by the Babylonian Marduk worship. For the Egyptians Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, the leader of the pantheon. The statues of winged bulls displayed a protected symbol for the god, Sin Mesopotamia, while Ankh, a kind of crossing, the upper part of which was a loop, was a prominent representation of the life of ancient Egypt. Enuma Elish tells Mesopotamian stories about creation and explains how Marduk became the boss of gods. The Egyptian book of the dead was a leader for the dead, creating magical spells and spells that can be attributed to the beyond. The ancient Nippur was the site of the main church of Enlil, while Babylon was the seat of the sanctuary of Marduk. Thébé and Karnak's temple complex was home to the worship of Amen Ra. In today's world, the remnants of these early religions are in Egypt's pyramids, the tombs of Pharaohs, and the Mesopotamian zigzags, the gods of the gods. The New Year's Festival was an important event in the Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt's most important festival was Opet. Since Egypt was the "gift of Nile" and is generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods are a positive religion and emphasize the positive afterlife. Conversely, the Mesopotamian religion was bleak and grim. The ancient mesopotamian prayers show the lack of contact with gods and goddesses who have been suspicious of people and often sent disasters to remind all of their humanity. This was the message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.
Although the religions of the two civilizations showed many similarities, the differences were enormous. The most important are the importance and faith of the relationship between the afterlife and the gods. Because of these differences, we believe that civilizations were different because, in the early days, civilizations were grouped around their worship and values, but unfortunately these great civilizations were over.
Source by Tanha Kate