This large, dry land lies to the south of Uzbekistan, dominated by the Kara Kum Desert, between its western and eastern hills. The country contains one of the world's largest natural gas and oil stocks and is a major cotton producer.
Historically, Turkmenistan saw the conquerors of the Great Sándor from Islamic Arabs to Genghis Khan and Tamerlan, but retained its nomadic, equestrian identity until the rule of the Soviet era. In the post-Communist years, Turkmen language and culture brought a strong rebirth.
The Turkmen people are legendary riders, tall, strong horses awarded by the Chinese in ancient times. National carpet manufacturing and Turkmen carpets decorate the world for beautiful designs and outstanding craftsmanship. Extending the nomadic lifestyle of the people, the carpets in Turkmenistan were the archeological heritage garden. The remnants of civilizations that have been imprinted for centuries can be found everywhere. At the foot of the mountain, in dry river valleys, in the caves of the country, there are tools, household utensils and bone, stone, ceramics and metal works. The ruins of underground houses and mountain fortifications have been left over 50 centuries ago.
A visit to Turkmenistan must include a stay in Merv's ancient Silk Road. It is an archaeological wonderland, which is actually 4 cities built at different times, the testimony of the oasis "along the Silk Road, the time of Alexander as the center." Commercial and cultural power remained centuries ago before the Mongol armies destroyed the city in 1221. one of the most impressive features of today is the mausoleum of Great Sanjj, the dome of which the caravans travel all day.
A day trip from Merv to the archaeological excavation of Margus, where 3,500 years ago the remains of a bronze civilization lived. and the necropolis has been excavated, and local museums contain a number of gold and semi-precious objects.
Turkmenistan's capital is Ashgabat, a city that was rebuilt by the principles of modern urban development after being destroyed by a major earthquake in 1948. Lush parks and hundreds of fountains pleasant microclimate, am The city is protected by the desert heat. All public buildings and apartments are in white marble, giving the city a unique beauty. The National Museum has many culturally significant antiquities, and the Turkmen Carpet Museum contains a number of fine examples of world-renowned Turkmen carpet making, including a 294-square-meter size.