Burmese Tattoos

In this article I write not only about "Burmese tattoos," but place this subject in the right historical and cultural context. Let's start their journey into the realm of tattoos

What do you remember or know about the year 1991? Not many? Let me help you remember. That was the year when the 1st Gulf War, former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was assassinated, and Space Shuttle Columbia rose from Cape Canaveral to get Spacelab into the field. Concerning the theme of this article, the most important event of 1991 was the discovery of Iceman "Oetzi" in Europe on 19 September 1991 in Europe. The extremely well-preserved mummy was frozen at the Fineilspitze glacier in the Austrian Alps at the Austrian / Tyrolean border at an altitude of 10,530 ft. You clearly see the question marks in your eyes and hear your questions about what the so-called Burmese tattoos on earth are related to Europe, 4.140 nautical miles / 7,770 km from Burma and who for Oetzi's sake, "Iceman" Van. Do not be impatient, now I give you the answer; You will be surprised.

First of all, I'll tell you who you are Oetzi. Oetzi's nickname is found in the Oetztal Alps) for a middle-aged man (about 46 years old) who is likely to have a higher status (wearing a long-lasting image that was the status symbol). At the same time, between 3239 and 3105, he found the BCE's violent end (because he was murdered) at the place where he or she was (or remained) close to him. He (his mummy) is about 5,300 years old at the time of writing, and to date, valuable information for scholars remains a treasure chest.

Now I'll tell you what your relationship with Burma is. "Oetzi" is the oldest evidence I have ever realized, that I was wearing tattoos in the Copper Age, for 19 of them 61 (wrist, lower leg, lower back, chest, etc.). Some sources refer to 49 tattoos, the first tattoo found in 1991 when it was discovered. This number has grown over time because there are more and more tattoos that are sometimes barely visible on the dark background of the skin. The last one was discovered in December 2015, which rose to a total of 61.

Although there are links between migration and travel patterns between Western European countries in Central and Eastern Europe (certain mummies are found in China with strong European, Caucasian and Eurasian origin). I do not want to say that the art of tattoo spread from Europe to Burma, because – I think – it is quite stupid to assume that the tattoo is at a specific place and has started spreading around the world and then from there.

Archaeological findings have been reported at various places around the world suggesting that tattoos exist, making it more likely that at the beginning of the tattoo, at different times and in different cultures, independently of each other, and from these regions and cultures To neighboring regions and cultures until then There was no place on the planet where the tattoo was not known and practiced. Nobody will know what it was like, but that's my idea of ​​what it was like.

Regions and cultures today are those that make up Burma (since 1989 Myanmar) Tattoos have long been established since other parts of the world have been an integral part of many cultures.

I admit that I was serious about getting tattooed at the same time. Finally, I decided against HIV health problems, and I do not have it. The same applies to my wife, my daughter and my granddaughter (OK, the latter is still too small to be tattooed). But I see them differently (tattoos) every day. Everywhere and from the morning to the evenings they are in all qualities and from unanimous to multicolored.

In Burma – mostly men – at least one tattoo is very rare to be an integral part of the tattoo The so-called "Burmese culture" and the largely superstitious Burmese people are highly regarded. That's why I decided to write an article about Burmese tattoos.

Everything I knew about a tattoo when I decided to write that a tattoo is an image that is more or less artistic insertion into the skin. I believe that with this tattoo I supposed that writing about them would not be great, and I was afraid that I would not have enough stuff to fill a single page; Far from the trademark. I'm sure I knew about the tattoo that it was not bad, but to think that everything had to be known that it was. It was as if to believe that all maths involved multiplying tables. I quickly realized that there is much more to the tattoo theme, but unfortunately only a few authentic, reliable and not easy sources (the most you see on the internet are plagiarism or copyright infringement) on the topic Tattooing and "Body Care" Dance Tattoos ": Enormous and extremely complex, though a very interesting topic. Subsequently, this article does not mean covering and explaining everything about tattoos, tattoos, and related matters. This article is limited to the fact that the qualitative minimum is generally applied to tattooing topics and generally to 'Burmese tattoos', in particular in the shortest and most detailed way possible.

Let's go back to the beginning of the tattoo, huh? For me, the beginning means finding answers to general questions first when, where and why did tattooing or tattooing others?

When did tattooing people Or did people tattoo? Bodyforming has proven to be an ancient art in tattooing, and the question of when and how the tattoo began is really open to speculation and will never answer it. "

I agree with the assumption that from the beginning there was probably a wear in which the dirt remained after the skin speed. The art of tattooing has evolved from the accidental consequences of injury; It has me a sense. Time that proves that people are tattooed, we already have a sufficient answer since the "Izetik" was called "Oetzi" to the oldest known tattooed person.

But that does not mean that there were no tattoos in previous cultures and that there are no older tattooed mummies waiting to wait. However, all the other archeological finds, such as the remains of black, blue and red pigment pigments, as well as small, sharp and sharp rock fragments, long needles made of fish bone and horn, etc. Tattoos are mere proof. These things were discovered in different lands across different continents, and some of them even before the last great ice age (12,000 years ago or BC 9500, the Neolithic era) allowed the hypothetical conclusion that the tattoo was probably already known and practiced. Previously mentioned are mere evidence and untraditional evidence. Final evidence requires discovering tattoos on a mummified human body or at least one of the preserved skin identified as human skin with a tattoo that is older than "Oetzie."

Tattooed? It is the first evidence for tattooed people and answers the question where people are likely to tattoo or tattoo the people they already have: the European continent – more precisely in today's days Austria and Italy, and Most likely in neighboring countries – such as & # 39; Oetz & # 39; Proven to be envied. From the later eras, such as the Persian Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire, ancient Egypt, the Roman Empire, the Mongol Empire, the Chinese Dynasties and the South American Incas, Mayan Aztec empires, as well as any region in which these empires are featured, are full of mummies or mummies as abundant evidence. Hats of the right cultures are already tattooing cultures.

Here are some examples. The Siberian Princess Mummified Ukok discovered a 2,500-year-old, 3000-year-old Egyptian mummy in the Valley of the Kings, and the remains of 4,500-year-old mummified women were found in northern Peru by archeologists. By 2000 around 2000 tattoo was part of Chinese culture, from where it spread throughout the mainland South East Asia region. One of the earliest tattooed mummies in China, located in the cemeteries of the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang / West China, is about 300 BC to about 300 BC.

Why did people start tattooing and tattooing? With the discovery that permanent images can be inserted into the skin as tattoos as art, this was only a small step. Tattoos are meaningful and symbolic They evolve over time, they always and everywhere cover the same physical and mental aspects. That is why the tattoo aims, for example. (Tribal membership, nationality), personal identity, social class and financial situation, group membership (club, army, criminal organization), emotion expression (love and hate), beauty, physical strengths and / (acupuncture), punishment Or the protection from illness and / or demons

Before going to the "Burmese tattoo", we should briefly address two more topics: A rather general part of the tattoo, namely paint (s) and applied techniques and methods [ThetattooinkisanordinaryWriter/peninkandincludeslikeanyothertypeofinkpigmentindifferentcolorsandliquidsolventisalsocalledcarrierHoweverthisisnotthecaseThefactthatitispossible(butnotrecommendedforhealthreasons)tomaketattooingwithinkinksdoesnotmeanthereisnodifferencebetweenpeninkandtattooinkThemostsignificantdifferenceisthatincontrasttotheinkpads/dyeingdyesthatuniformlydistributeinkthetattooinkcontainspigments(notdyes)thatprovidecolorsandcarriersthatareneededtoinjectsmoothpigmentsintothedermisandthereSpreadevenly

The ancient / traditional tattoo inks are basically carbon black, calcium and lithium like pigments and water and / or other liquids such as alcohol as a carrier. However, according to traditional recipes from older generations and depending on the availability of natural (organic and inorganic) ingredients, these are supplemented. Examples are the various trees, insect egg deposits, coal, metal salts and albumin as pigment and breast milk (yes, breast milk!) And leeks juice as a carrier.

The Different Tattooing Methods

Since ancient times, most of the three techniques / methods used in the tattooing process, namely punching, piercing and cutting. What exactly distinguishes between these three modes of body modification? Answers to these questions are more or less clearly recognized in the names. In other words, the names are quite self-explanatory.

Punching is a technique in which a rake-like device and a stick are used Tools for skin screening. Bottom of the neck (up to 50!) Sharp, thin and pointed needles are made of different materials. The points of these spikes, which are also called spines, are located at right angles to the skin, which are provided by the tattoo foot or the assistants. The upper side of the head is found at a rapid rate (several times per second), which directs the top of the ink pad vertically to the skin and the hole caused by penetration into the skin.

This is repeated thousands of times. During this process, the crust is regularly moved by design lines, fillings and shadows. Different thicknesses of different sizes and thicknesses are used, with different numbers and thicknesses. Piercing refers to a technique with a 4ft / 122cm long tapered rod used as a bronze, wood or bamboo tube as a tattoo tool.


The pin has a pin sharp pin or a tapered piece made of different material at the front end. The tattooed weights on the handle are embellished with a mythical creature or magical figure, As if (a Prince of Burmese hero), Zawgyi (supernatural alchemist) or Belu (demon). These tattoo weights serve two purposes, one of which is to bolster the strength of the rod and the other to provide extra tattooing power. Tattoos are made by the rod with the tip of the ink, while the tattoo (with the foot) or the assistant provides the skin quickly and continuously (matching the needle of the sewing machine). The 90 degree angle moves to the skin so it pierces the skin And injected the tattoo ink.

Although different tools are used for punching (rod / tube) and piercing (rake and stick) the results are not so different.

The cut is the name of scratch or scraping, however, is a method that significantly deviates from piercing and piercing. As the name suggests, the cutting method requires that even deep cuts of up to 5 mm be made, literally "carve" tattooing into the skin. After the cuts, the tattoo ink is rubbed. This method causes pain in the tattoo, which explains that "tapping" the tattoo is not only seen as a tattoo, but as a sacrificial act.

However, magic tattoos are far from being sufficient, for example, with injured or supernatural abilities. In order to develop his magical power completely, the tattoo must be a monk. The monk must pray the prayer during the tattooing process and blow the tattoo to activate the skills he needs to perform magical tasks. The place of tattoos is also crucial. For example, if the snake tattoo is not on the ankle, it does not protect you from snake. Other tattooing methods are the method used by Tebori technique, Maoris New Zealand (Maori mask) and Alaska and Canadian inuit strains, which I mention here for ending, without further intent to further develop them in this inuit strain.

Place and time.

At the beginning of this chapter I would like a quick trip to the Burmese past because it helps to better understand the following. I often hear or read things like "Tattoos have always been in Burmese culture, as Shans got the craftsmen in South China before taking Burma." Such formulations or similar words prove that the theme of "Burmese History" is a testimony of the serious lack of scientists who wrote or said these. Why is this so? This is because it is simply not true, it is grossly misleading. Let me explain; Words like a.m. Give the impression that Burma and a Burmese culture existed in the period in question (200 BC or hundreds of years later). That certainly is not the case. Why not? At the time when art of tattoos and tattooing became part of the shan culture, its first Burmese arrival in today's Burmese region has been over 1,100 years. When the Burmese arrived, tattooing has played an important role in the culture of many ethnic groups that make up the population of Burma today (since Myanmar has also been in 1989). And the Mon, once powerful men, with their huge kingdoms, now South Burma and Thailand, even tattooed their cultures before the first Burmese release. Keep in mind that at that time we are not talking about Burma or Thailand. The Mon kingdoms, the Pythagoras, and the Shan kingdoms existed.

Independent Burma is only 68 years old (Myanmar, since it has been called for only 27 years since 1989), so Burma / Myanmar is very And in that light, it is not right to speak of Burmese tattoos, not to mention the ancient Burmese tattoo or Burmese culture. What existed before 1948 (British British colonial Burmese years became irrelevant to the British) was the British colonial Burma, and before it several kingdoms such as the Mon kingdom, the Pythagorean, the Arak kingdom, the Shan kingdom and the smaller and Larger Bamar kingdoms. But for a better understanding, I will continue to pursue "Burmese culture" and "Burmese tattoo".

So let's go back to the theme of the "Burmese tattoo". Before answering the question, what exactly is the so-called "Burmese tattoo" about the Burmese tattoo. The answer to this is "beyond the fact that they are made in Burma, and that some tattoos include Burmese writing, or just insecure writing." In other words, almost nothing is characteristic of the Burmese. Now, you can say, "We are almost all Burmese tattoos, especially for men, and there is no" Burmese tattoo "? My answer is yes, there are many tattoos in Burma, and if you find that you can unacceptable generalize things so that without distinction Says that in Burma, in relation to tattooing and otherwise Burmese, then – although this is wrong – the "Burmese tattoo." Nevertheless, I suggest that attention be paid to the early facts and to the following historical facts

The tattoo of most Burmese does not mean that their tattoos are typical of "Burmese" Stylish Tattoos. " The culture of Bamar / Burma, after which the country was named because they are the largest ethnic group, was not a tattoo culture when Bamar arrived in Burma but accepted the art of tattooing existing people and cultures. That is, they did not have their own tattoos when they arrived and did not specifically design their Bamar / Burman tattoo styles and designs. And there is no Burmese race that is as large as a common culture, which can be rightly called "Burmese culture".

Burma is a rich ethnic country and almost all of these ethnic minorities have their own tattoo plans to distinguish themselves from other tribes. This type of tattoo is tribal tattoo, and many of them are in Burma, but not "Burmese tattoos." In Burma there are many Buddhist tattoos, animistic tattoos and a blend of them, but they are not a typical "Burmese-style tattoo" again. Is not enough example? OK, here's another one. You can see many "healing tattoos" in Burma, but they are not unique Burmese because such tattoos are similar to tattoo cultures like points, points, and lines within the acupuncture points system. Again, there is no way for a "specifically Burmese plan".

There is no problem identifying the following: A Chinese tattoo like Chinese and Japanese tattoos as the Japanese moment when you see them because they are very distinctive designs and patterns but this is not so with the so-called "Burmese tattoos "Because the use of Buddhist plans and patterns is the same The animistic patterns and patterns used and used by other Southeast Asian Buddhist countries are not distinctly different from neighboring Buddhist countries and Thai, Lao and Cambodian cultures. Thus, the "Burmese" Buddhist tattoo does not carry any distinctive mark even if the script is part of the tattoo because the text will be in Pali.

There are, however, very interesting and decorative tattoo designs and patterns such as the Chin strains and the tattoo of the pants to the Shan, which – although they are not the only Burmese – Burma is still famous. The face tattoo is no longer made because it has been banned by law since 1962 and the pants tattoo lost its original function and became "obsolete." Although face tattoos are forbidden, Chin strains still practicing their faces Tattoo tradition until the late 1990s and there are rumors that the law prohibits face tattoos in remote rural areas still does not adhere to. Perhaps this is the case, the fact remains that the tradition of tattoos in the face and pants is on the verge of extinction. For this reason, older members of the majority of Chin and Shan communities who are still proud of these tattoos and often live in distant villages in the State of Arakan (face tattoos), Chin State (facial tattoo) and Shan State (pants tattoo). As a professional photographer, Anthropologists, ethnologists and tourists, the last living trousers and the tattooed generation of the face. Below I will briefly describe the face and pants tattoo patterns, their origins, and tattooing processes. As far as the latter is concerned, I am confined to the "technical" part and do not include other aspects such as religious and solemnities.

The pants tattoo went much further, much later, from Laos Shan, from Burmese China.

The design of the tattoo explains itself as it describes tattoos; Specifically, a tattoo sequence that is ready once, just like shorts, the entire skin area slightly from the waist to the waist.

Tattoos are always painful, but pants and face tattoos are those that are extremely painful because they (at least partly) are placed on the most sensitive skin of the human body and therefore can not be under one single seat. In order to preserve the perceived near-unbearable physical pain (especially when the internal tibia, lumbar, genital organs and the very sensitive area of ​​the buttocks are tattooed) it is best if prayer and meditation alone are not enough (or not) . Therefore, tattooed people could smoked opium, which they did in large quantities.

The technology used by the tattooists was mostly overlaid with a smaller bamboo bar and the tattoo used for tights was only a very dark, almost black and blue. The unique tattoo patterns that are used to fully fill the "pants area" can also be used as individual / self-styling. Pants tattoo was a privilege for men.

First of all, it is made up of a skin-separated part, followed by the tattooing followed by the rod with a curved tip. Its last step is to gently rub the ink into the skin. Tattooing of the pants is usually dependent on the tattooed pain relief usually lasting two or more weeks (if not a month, healing times should be included in the schedule). Tattoos are often accompanied by friends to skim the skin and moral support.

Tattoos that are known to last for a longer period of time are usually made during the rainy season when you can not do any work outside.

How painful is pain in the tattoo process and later during the healing process. Definitely unimaginable and only those brave people who have already experienced this affliction. In any case, it requires enormous courage, ceremony, will, religious faith and moral support to decide that volunteering through the extremely painful process of getting a pants tattoo or facial tattoo, the main thing is what brings the following theme to the full face tattoo.

Arc Tattoos

Arc Tattoos Origin of China where these tattoos were very famous among the Derung, Li and Dai Tribe women and have very long traditions . In Burma nationality tribes, famous for their tattoos, though not all of them share this in the thousand-year-old tradition. The Chin Tribe learns from the young age of art to artcturation, and only Women are tattooed and tattooed. Especially for non-Asians, face-tattooing is certainly something you need because it's not exactly what's called beautiful. So, if face tattoos are not beauty-enhancing, why are Chin women tattooing their faces? If you ask this question from Chin women or if you are looking for answers in the publications, you will receive more answers. Here are the most common;

a) Hide their beauty in order to prevent the king from being kidnapped and created by many of his associates.

(19459002) (b) In order to prevent slave traffickers being kidnapped and sold

(19459002) (c) To prevent the destruction of hostile soldiers

(d) To Protect Demons

Signing to be mature and ready for marriage

f) As beauty

g) As a sign of tribal identity h) Access to heaven after death

Tearing of cause (and neck) An explanation of all or more explanations for Chin women.

As for the design of the face tattoo, each strain must be different. Some have more geometric shapes, some vertical lines and points, some cobwebs, some butterflies and bees, and so on. They are.

The tattoo ink is black. Acquiring a face tattoo means they are exposed to extreme physical pains. The process that usually starts with tattooing on the forehead is the space between the eyebrows, the eyelids, the eye, the face, the jaw and often the neck as a neck tattoo. We briefly describe the following:

Is drawn on the skin. Then a stick with a little feather pulls the almost-pasty tattoo ink on the skin. Then a ca. 2 inches / 5 cm long lashes with a pointed needle sharp tip or inserted into the tip of the bamboo stick or simply use it to hold the skin between the thumb and the index finger firmly under the ink with fast up and down movements Similarly to the needle movement of the sewing machine Perforate while injecting the ink into the skin. Finally, the paint was thoroughly rubbed deep into the skin. The most painful part of tattoos is on eyebrows and eyelids.

How much time has passed on the tattoo of the face, as always with the pain tolerance of the tattooed person. Completing the entire face tattoo can last for more than a year.

Source by Markus Burman

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