2000 years before Christ, India and Mesopotamia
. The harbor of Lothal was an important commercial center of the Indus Valley civilization and Sumerian civilization. 
600 BC and thereafter
The earliest form of leisure tourism can be traced back to the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. The Museum of Historic Memories was public in Babylon. The Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted the godless people and many people who poured into cities to see the famous art and architecture works. In India, as elsewhere, the kings traveled to build the empire. The Brahman and the people traveled for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and the common popular Sarnath and Sravasti whom the enlightened Unity could have greeted by the elusive smile of the Buddha. 500 BC, Greek Civilization
Greek tourists traveled to the healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed religious festivals, which have become increasingly the goal of joy and especially sport. Athens has become an important venue for major attractions such as the Parthenon's visitors. In large cities and ports, catering establishments were found to meet the needs of travelers. Courtesans were the most fun.
This era also saw the birth of travel writings. Herodotus was the world's first travel writer. Guidebooks appeared in the fourth century, such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. During this period, people are also advertised by means of signs leading to camps.
The Roman Empire
And in Syria and the Roman patrols to make piracy secure, favorable conditions have arrived. First-class trips, with relaxing pubs (the precursors of modern motels), helped to increase travel. The Romans traveled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. Travel from 300 to the Holy Land became very popular. The Romans presented their guidebook (itinerary) in which symbols were identified to identify the quality.
The second residence was built by the Roman riches, especially in the spring social season. The most fashionable resorts were found around the Gulf of Naples. Naples attracted retirees and intellectuals, Cumae attracted fashionable, while Baiae attracted the down-market tourist, increasingly noted that her fate, drunkenness and all night sang.
Travel and Tourism never attain a similar status The modern times
The Middle Ages
Traveling Difficulties and Dangers,
Adventurers have been seeking fame and luck by traveling. Europeans tried to explore the sea route to India for commercial purposes and thus discovered America and Africa. The players and the singers have traveled their lives as they traveled. Missionaries, Saints, etc. They traveled to spread the holy word.
Leisure travel in India was introduced by the Mughals. The Mughal kings built luxurious palaces and magical gardens in natural and scenic locations (for example, by Jehangir's beauty in Kashmir) 19459006
The royal empire was built and the pilgrimage was regular. The Grand Tour
At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the direct result of the Renaissance was the new form of tourism. Young men seeking judicial positions were encouraged to travel to the continent To finish their studies. A "Grand Tour" later was taught by a tutor and lasted for three or more years until seemingly educational, Men looking for pleasure traveled to enjoy the life and culture of Paris, Venice and Florence in the 18th century. By the end of the century, the individual became institutionalized in the gentry. travel. The appearance of the Napoleonic wars over the past 30 years hindered the journey and led to a fall in the habits of the great tour.
Spas in Britain and later on the European continent were more popular in the 17th century, as awareness of the therapeutic properties of mineral water has increased. Cure quickly acquired the status symbol in the spa. The resorts have changed in character, enjoyment has become a motivation for visits. The life of society has become an important center for the high society
In the nineteenth century, they gradually replaced them as a seaside resort.
The sun, the sand and the sea Resorts
Seawater was linked to healthcare. The earliest visitors drank and did not bathe in it. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, small fishing boats were launched in England, who drank and drank in seawater. Overcrowding in land baths has increased the popularity of new seaside resorts. The introduction of steamer services in the XIX. In the century, he introduced new resorts in the area. The seaside resort gradually became a social gathering place
The role of industrial revolution in promoting Western travel
It led to mass immigration in cities. These people were tempted to leave their environment to the place of natural beauty, often to the countryside, from physical and psychological stressful jobs to rural comfortable journeys from routine change.
The Highlights of the Nineteenth Century Travel
The railroad adventures originally catalyzed business travel and later leisure travel. Gradually, special trains were hired to travel only to leisure travel destinations.
· Entrepreneurs, such as package tours organized by Thomas Cook.
· European countries have often traveled on business trips to their colonies to buy raw materials and sell finished products
· The invention of photography has acted as a status enhancing tool and promoted overseas travel
Creating first hotel chains; Which was launched by railway companies that set up large railway terminals.
· The seaside resorts have begun to develop different images such as daily hikers, elites, gambling
· Other types of destinations – skiing Mountain climbing, climbing places,
· The technological development of steamships has helped travel between North America and Europe.
· The Suez Canal has launched direct sea routes to India and the Far East.
· The cult of the guide followed the development of photography.
First World War gave first-hand experience in the countries and first attracted interest in international travel in the less well-off sector.
Migration to the US has a great deal of travel over the Atlantic Ocean. The private car industry has begun to encourage domestic travel to Europe and the West. The seaside resort has become an annual family holiday destination in Great Britain and is popular in other Western countries.
After the birth of the air travel and the wars became more and more interested in international travel after 19459004
. This interest was generated by the aviation industry by mass tourism. Aircraft surpluses and the growth of private airlines helped aviation increase. The airplane became more comfortable, faster and more costly for overseas travel. With the introduction of the Boeing 707 jet aircraft, the era of mass air travel arrived in 1958. The beginning of charter flights increased the package travel market and led to the creation of organized mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400-seat craft, significantly reduced travel costs. Mediterranean seaside resorts, North Africa and the Caribbean were the starting source of mass tourism.
The growth in the hotel industry has led to the creation of worldwide chains. Tourism began to diversify when people began to turn into alternative targets in the '70s. In Nepal and India, the Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation lured tourists. Beginning of individual travel in significant volumes only appeared in the 80s. Aviation has also led to steady growth in business travel, especially with the emergence of the MNC.
Source by Sarvajeet Chandra